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【實用】西餐餐桌禮儀知多少?教你餐桌禮儀和餐桌英文!

Gisele Sung 2014 年 12 月 08 日

西餐的餐具該怎麼擺放呢?
入座時有特別的規定嗎?
胡椒罐、餐巾、麵包籃 … 這些在餐桌上常見的東西英文是什麼呢?
快點進來看看,
VoiceTube幫你一次搞懂!
讓你變身成餐桌禮儀達人!

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餐桌禮儀(table manners)是非常重要的,從餐桌禮儀中,可以看出一個人重不重視小細節,
也可能成為老闆、上司、另一伴評論你的標準喔!
學好餐桌禮儀,讓你一輩子受用無窮 🙂

● Utensils 餐具

utensils / cutlery 餐具
knife 刀子
fork 叉子
spoon 湯匙
plates 盤子
salad plate 沙拉盤

glasses 杯子
napkin 餐巾
pepper shaker 胡椒罐
salt shaker 鹽罐
bread basket 麵包籃
butter tray 奶油碟

例句:Would you please pass the … ? 請問你可以將 … 遞給我嗎?
Would you please pass the pepper shaker ? 請問你可以將胡椒罐傳過來嗎?
BiodegradablePlasticUtensils1

● Seating 入座

1. Men should pull up the chair for the women. 男士應該為女士拉開椅子讓她入座。
2. Men should sit on the woman’s left-hand side.  男士應該坐在女士的左手邊。
3. Sit down from the left-hand side. 由椅子的左側入座。

4. Keep your hands on your lap while the meal is being served. 在上餐之前把手放在大腿上。
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● Napkin 餐巾使用方式

1. Take the napkin and fold it half before putting it on your lap.  打開餐巾,對折,然後放在大腿上。
2. Use the napkin only to wipe your mouth. 餐巾只能用來輕輕的擦拭嘴邊。
3. Place the napkin on the back of the chair if you need to be excused.  如要離開座位, 將餐巾放在椅背上。
4. When done eating, place the used napkin to the left of your place setting.  用餐完畢, 把用過的餐巾放在餐具的左手邊。
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● Place Setting 餐具擺設與使用方法

1. Put the fork on the left-hand side and the knife on the right-hand side.  把叉子放在左邊,刀子放在右邊。
2. When it comes to cutlery, always start from outside-in.. 先用擺在最外面的刀叉,由外而內的使用餐具。
3. Put the salad fork on the outside of the dinner fork and the salad knife on the outside of the knife. 把沙拉用叉子放在晚餐(主餐)叉的外側,沙拉刀放在晚餐(主餐)刀外側。因為我們是先吃沙拉再吃主餐。
4. The knife blade should point towards the plate. 刀刃要面向盤子擺放。
5. The soup spoon goes on the outside of the knives. 喝湯用的湯匙要放在刀子外側。
6. Place the dessert cutlery behind the dinner plate with the bowl of the spoon pointing to the left. 把甜點餐具擺在餐盤正上方,湯匙的前端 要朝左擺放。
7. Set the cake fork beside the dessert spoon facing the opposite direction.  蛋糕叉和甜點湯匙擺放方向相反。
8. The bread plate should be set at the upper left corner of the setting, with the butter knife on the plate at an angle with the blade pointing in. 麵包盤要擺在左上角,奶油刀要斜擺在麵包盤上,讓刀刃面向自己。

9. Set the wine glass at the upper-right corner. 把酒杯放在右上角。
10. Place the water glass to the left of the wine glass. 把水杯斜放在酒杯左側。

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● Table manners 用餐禮儀

1. When eating, your back should be flat up against the back of your chair. 用餐時,背部要靠著椅背。
2. The meat dishes should be paired with red wine, and the fish entrees should be paired with white wine. 主菜若是肉類應搭配紅酒,魚類則搭配白酒。
3. When eating soup, scoop the soup with a spoon from back to front.  喝湯時,用湯匙由後往前將湯舀起。
4. When eating bread, tear the bread into small pieces and eat your left hand. 吃麵包時,先用兩手撕成小塊,再用左手拿來吃。
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學會餐桌禮儀,
未來吃飯時就不會再犯錯啦!
讓我們一起正確又快樂的用餐吧 ^_^

 

延伸學習:
【travel-english-101】餐廳英文教學篇:用英文點餐一點都不難
『jins-道地生活英語』在國外總是餓肚子?教你如和用英文點餐
去國外餐廳吃飯必用超實用生活英語

 

作者:Gisele Sung

Source: 兩岸有約
Picture Source: Tokyo Times, CC Licensed,  Juhan Sonin, CC Licensed, ProFlowers , CC Licensed, Kim Strømstad , CC Licensed Dave Crosby , CC Licensed, wikipedia

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