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「空氣清淨機」的英文是?用英文聊空氣汙染

April Lu 2020 年 05 月 08 日

空氣看起來灰灰的…
空中降下的雨聞起來好酸!
這些都是空污帶來的影響!
除了打開空氣清淨機之外,
還能如何減少空污保護健康呢?

除了使用空來和小 V 一起用英文聊空氣污染吧!

Sofia 一早來到教室,看見 Bob 臉上戴著…

Sofia: Bob, have you got a cold? Why are you wearing a face mask?
Sofia:Bob,你感冒了嗎?怎麼戴著口罩?

Bob: It’s because of the
smog. My respiratory system is very sensitive to air pollution—hence the mask.
Bob:是因為霧霾,我的呼吸系統對霧霾很敏感,所以才戴口罩。

Sofia: No wonder visibility is so poor today. I thought it was just fog!

Sofia:難怪今天能見度很糟,我還以為只是霧!

Bob: The weather forecast said that there’s going be severe smog all week. Talking about the weather, did you bring an umbrella with you? The forecast also said it might rain this afternoon.

Bob:天氣預報說接下來幾天會有嚴重的霧霾。講到天氣,你今天有帶傘嗎?氣象預報說下午可能會下雨。

Sofia: Oops! I left it at my dorm.

Sofia:哦噢,我忘在宿舍了。

Bob: It’s okay, if it rains I can take you to your dorm. I’ve brought an umbrella.

Bob:沒關係,如果下雨了我可以送你回宿舍,我有帶傘。

Sofia: Smog and rain… we might get
acid rain. I hate the smell of acid rain!
Sofia:霧霾和雨…那可能會有酸雨。我討厭酸雨的味道!

Bob 真是配備齊全,幸好他有帶傘可以送 Sofia 回宿舍。
趁著他們上課的同時,我們先來複習單字吧!

face mask (n.) 口罩

mask 的中文為「面具;面罩」,比較常見的「口罩」稱為 face mask (不過一般常簡稱為 mask),「戴口罩」可用 wear (戴著) 或 put on (戴上)。補充:surgical mask (外科口罩)、gas mask (防毒面具)、cotton face mask (棉布口罩)。

I couldn’t recognize my friend because she was wearing a mask.
我認不出我朋友因為她戴著口罩。

Everybody wore a mask at the masquerade ball.
化妝舞會上的每個人都戴了面具。

smog (n.) 霧霾

smog 為「霧霾」,這個字由 smoke (煙) 加上 fog (霧) 所組成。

Taipei gets smog from time to time.
台北時不時受到霧霾侵擾。

acid rain (n.) 酸雨

acid /ˈæsəd/ 為可當名詞或形容詞,當名詞時表示「酸」,當形容詞時表示「酸性的;酸味的」,acid rain 即是指「酸雨」。「酸性的」也可寫成 acidic。

My room somehow smells like acid but I don’t know why.
我的房間不知怎地有股酸酸的味道,但不知道為何。

acid 也被延伸為用來形容人「尖酸刻薄」。

His mother has an acid personality. She is always unfairly giving him a hard time.
他媽媽是個尖酸刻薄的人,她總是讓他的日子不好過。

下課鐘打響的同時,外面也正巧開始下起雨!

Sofia: Oh no! It’s raining!
Sofia:噢不,下雨了!

Bob: Fortunately one of us listened to the weather forecast. Come on!

Bob:幸好我有聽天氣預報,走吧!

(Bob opens his umbrella and they both walk into the rain.)

(Bob 打開雨傘,他們兩人走入雨中。)

Sofia: Do you wear your mask at home as well?

Sofia:你在家也戴口罩嗎?

Bob: No, I have an
air purifier. I have to turn it on before I leave home in the morning, otherwise I’ll start sneezing as soon as I step inside.
Bob:沒有,我有一台空氣清淨機。我早上出門時把它開上了,不然我一到家摘掉口罩就會一直打噴嚏。

Sofia: That sounds really serious…

Sofia:聽起來真的很嚴重…

Bob: In order to reduce air pollution, I always take
public transportation instead of riding a scooter or taking a taxi.
Bob:為了減少空污,我都會選擇大眾交通工具而不是騎車或搭計程車。

Sofia: I thought that was because you couldn’t afford
it…
Sofia:我還以為是因為你太窮。

Bob: Well… okay, but also because of the pollution. I’ve even stopped eating meat so as to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions.
Bob:這個嘛…好啦,但也是因為空氣汙染啦。我也已經開始減少吃肉好降低溫室氣體排放。

Sofia: Eating less meat is a great way to help the environment—along with buying locally-farmed produce.

Sofia:少吃肉也是個可以幫助環境的好方法,還有購買當地農產品。

Bob: That’s right. Alright, here’s your dorm. See you tomorrow, Sofia!

Bob:沒錯。好啦,你的宿舍到了。明天見,Sofia!

Sofia: Bye!

Sofia:掰啦!

不愧是我們的 VoiceTube 部落格好青年,Bob 和 Sofia 兩人都在生活中盡自己的一份力減少空污!來學學這些和空污有關的單字吧!

air purifier (n.) 空氣清淨機

動詞 purify 的中文為「淨化」,字尾加上 -er 就成為 purifier「淨化機」,air purifier 即是「空氣清淨機」。

Sara believes that herbal tea helps purify the body.
Sara 相信草本茶可以幫助淨化血液。

The tap water here is drinkable if you run it through a water purifier first.
如果你先用淨水器過濾一下,這個水龍頭出來的水是可以喝的。

public transportation (n.) 大眾交通工具

public 的中文為「大眾的;公共的」,transportation 則是「運輸;交通工具」,兩個單字合在一起則成為「大眾交通工具」,為集合名詞,動詞搭配 take。

Fewer people are choosing to take public transportation since the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic.
疫情爆發後,越來越少人選擇搭乘大眾交通工具。

greenhouse gas emissions (n.) 溫室氣體排放

greenhouse gas 的中文為「溫室氣體」,emission 的中文為「排放」,其動詞形態為 emit (散發;排放),例如:reduce greenhouse gas emissions (減少溫室氣體排放)。

Water vapor is the most important of all greenhouse gas emissions, as it controls the Earth’s temperature.
水蒸氣是其中一種主要的溫室氣體,因為它可以調節控制地球溫度。

Cars emit exhaust fumes into the air.
汽車會排放廢氣進到空氣中。

要改善空氣污染的問題,絕對不是一個人或是一個國家可以單獨做到的,而是需要你我每日的點點累積,等某天回過頭來就會發現,又可以大口呼吸,淋雨也不怕禿頭了!

迫不及待想馬上開始練習嗎?

快打開 VoiceTube App 練英文!

立即下載 >>> https://bit.ly/myenglishissogood

英文單字不要硬背! 藉由 VoiceTube App 看影片,不會的單字反覆聆聽,加上單字測驗練習,聽寫齊下,立刻熟記!

文/ April Lu
審/ Eunice Lin
圖/ PexelsFlaticon
作者簡介/ VoiceTube 看影片學英語

《Ride the Vibes 脈搏秀》VoiceTube 原創 Podcast 於 iTunes、Spotify 雙平台上線了!快點擊下方連結下載收聽!
iTunes:https://apple.co/38h1b6j
Spotify:https://spoti.fi/2GSR1wE

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