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【英文寫作技巧】「然後」只會用 then 嗎?別再用 so, but, and then 了!實用連接副詞總整理

Hsu Coco 2016 年 05 月 12 日

大家都知道在中文一直講「然後」是個壞毛病
英文如果只會 then then then 當然也不行!
寫作時要連接下一句,怎麼講比較順呢?
為了不讓大家詞窮,VoiceTube 今天整理出一系列的連接詞
讓你擺脫 and, so, but, then,寫作輕鬆拿高分!

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英文寫作,不論是考 TOEFL或是研究論文撰寫時,如果一直「然後然後然後」可是大 NG 囉!想擺脫 and, so, but, then 的死板英文,有哪些英文可以用呢?小編今天要教大家順暢連接下一句的英文,也就是「連接副詞」(conjunctive adverbs),快點學起來!

連接副詞 conjunctive adverbs

連接副詞用於連貫一個段落或是一篇文章的句子,可以在語氣上連接兩個句子。連接副詞的句型結構公式如下:S + V . 連接副詞 , S + V . 從以上公式可知,連接副詞的目的就是連接兩個獨立的子句,讓你的文章更順暢!

很多人容易犯的寫作錯誤,就是連接副詞的標點符號,以下為正確使用方式:

  • I was sick. Therefore, I went to see a doctor
  • I was sick; therefore, I went to see a doctor.
  • I was sick. I, therefore, went to see a doctor.

表「然後」連接副詞

可以取代 and then 的詞有哪些呢?再看表達「然後」的連接副詞之前,讓我們一起看下面這部影片的詳細解釋!

英文寫作技巧 (Writing – Transitions – in addition, moreover, furthermore, another)螢幕快照 2016-05-12 下午5.38.37

以下這些連接副詞可以相互代替使用,快記下來讓你的英文寫作更生動豐富!

then 然後

The weather was nice in the morning. Then, it started to rain in the afternoon.
早上的天氣很好。然後,下午就開始下雨了。

afterwards 之後、後來

We plan to have a luncheon to celebrate this event, and take a group picture afterwards.
我們計劃舉行特別午餐來慶祝,之後再拍團體照留念。

【TED】崔西·雪佛藍:名畫後面的故事 (Tracy Chevalier: Finding the story inside the painting)未命名1

after that 在那之後

Daniel moved to Japan when we were in sixth grade. After that, we’ve never seen each other again.
丹尼爾在六年級時搬到日本。在那之後,我們就不曾見面了。

furthermore 此外、而且

Sam borrowed my bicycle without asking. Furthermore, he got a flat tire, and didn’t even tell me.
山姆未經過我的同意就騎走我的腳踏車。而且,他爆胎了也不跟我說一聲。

also 此外

Drunk driving is dangerous. Also, it is both immoral and illegal.
酒駕是很危險的。此外,這是不道德且不合法的。

moreover 此外、而且

Eating well is important for our health. Moreover, it is no doubt the cornerstone of our lives.
良好的飲食習慣對身體健康很重要。此外,這也是我們人生的基石。

西方對伊斯蘭婦女的誤解 (What The West Gets Wrong About Muslim Women)未命名2

in addition 此外

Our new director speaks three languages fluently. In addition, he has six years of experience.
我們的新主管精通三種語言。此外,他有六年工作經驗。

besides 此外

Our new house is so close to the city center. Besides, it has four large bedrooms.
我們的新家鄰近市中心。此外,新家有四間大房間。

additionally 此外

I am looking forward to working abroad because the salary is higher. Additionally, I am quite interested in experiencing exotic culture.
我很期待出國工作因為薪水更高。此外,我對體驗異國文化有興趣。

表「然而」連接副詞

再來如果你想先講 A 再講 B,可以利用轉折連接副詞來串連兩個獨立子句,讓文章更順暢!

however 然而

We wanted to spend the day at the beach; however, it rained so we stayed at home.
我們原本想去海邊,然而,天公不作美,我們只好待在家。

nonetheless 然而

You’re my friend. Nonetheless, I feel like you’re taking advantage of me.
我視你為好友。然而,我卻覺得你只是在利用我。

nevertheless 然而

I was sick yesterday. Nevertheless, I still did all my homework.
我昨天生病。然而,我還是完成所有的作業。

although 儘管

Although she lost her legs in a skiing accident, she still managed to enjoy every moment of her life.
儘管滑雪的意外讓她必須截肢,但她仍努力的活在當下、享受人生的每一刻。

Although the weather was bad, we went hiking.
儘管天氣很糟,我們依然去爬山。

even so 儘管如此

This time she has kept her promises faithfully. Even so, I don’t really trust her.
這次她有守信用地遵守承諾。儘管如此,我還是不相信她。

表「因果關係」連接副詞

英語寫作 (Writing – Transitions – THEREFORE, THUS, CONSEQUENTLY)螢幕快照 2016-05-12 下午5.47.29

therefore 因此

John was tired after a long day at school. Therefore, he immediately took a nap when he got home.
強尼在學校度過了漫長且勞累的一天。因此,他一回家就馬上小憩片刻。

什麼是自信?為什麼我們容易失去自信? (Confidence)未命名5

thus 因此

He has a race tomorrow; thus, he can’t stay out late tonight.
他明天有一場比賽,因此他今晚不能太晚回家。

hence 因此

He doesn’t talk much. Hence, he doesn’t have many friends.
他不善言辭。因此,他沒有很多朋友。

【經驗分享】在新加坡工作 (Working in Singapore)未命名7

in conclusion 結果

In conclusion, if you don’t love him, stop taking advantage of him.
結果來說,如果你不愛他,就不要利用人家。

as a result 結果

He forgot to lock the door. As a result, everything was stolen.
他忘記鎖門了。結果,所有東西都被偷了。

consequently 結果

He watches english video via VoiceTube twice a week. Consequently, his English improves.
他一週兩天觀看 VoiceTube 的英文影片。結果,他的英文進步了。

學著問為什麼 (Ask Why | Andrew Higginson | TEDxBrentwoodCollegeSchool)未命名8

to sum up 總結、總而言之

To sum up, eating vegetables is always a good idea.
總而言之,多吃蔬菜有益無害。

表「比較」連接副詞

很多事情是一體兩面的,當你要描述一件事的兩個面向時,可以用以下的連接副詞:

on the other hand 反之

Working long hours is one way to succeed in business; on the other hand, it also means you have to sacrifice sleeping hours.
長時間的工作是企業成功的方法之一,但反之,這也代表你必須犧牲睡眠時間。

on the contrary 反之

I’m all against euthanasia. On the contrary, there may be someone who agrees with you.
我完全不贊成安樂死。反之,或許有人會贊成你的論點。

by contrast 反之

Cats often sleep the day away. By contrast, dogs never settle down.
貓通常會睡一整天。反之,狗總是很好動。

過猶不及!小心運動過度的後遺症! (How Exercise Can KILL You!)未命名10

表「例如」連接副詞

講完了一個想法後,如果要以例子佐證你的想法,可以接舉例連接詞。

for example (e.g.) 例如

You can learn a lot from VoiceTube. For example, they have English videos with subtitles.
你可以從 VoiceTube 學到很多。例如,他們的英文影片都有上字幕。

for instance 例如

There are many advantages of exercising. For instance, I am now in a better shape.
運動的好處有很多。例如,我現在更苗條了。

such as 例如

There are a lot of advantages of working abroad, such as experiencing various cultures, making new friends, and pushing yourself out of the comfort zone.
出國工作的好處有很多,例如你可以體驗不同的文化、結交新朋友、也可以走出舒適圈。

如何提升英文能力?

透過 VoiceTube 專屬個人的筆記及佳句功能,把自己學會的單字、文法及片語重點都註記下來,下次就可透過複習,一遍一遍地熟悉!

螢幕快照-2015-08-05-下午4.47.23

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文/ Coco Hsu
圖/ Dustin Lee, CC Licenced
作者簡介/ VoiceTube看影片學英語

學英文不是艱難的任務,而是一種融入生活的自然態度。今天起,丟掉厚重的教科書,每日鎖定 VoiceTube看影片學英語官方部落格,給自己一個流利『用』英語的機會

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