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除了自我介紹外…報告還可以怎麼開頭?Four Powerful Ways To Open Your Presentation.

Vicky Chuan 2014 年 07 月 04 日

相信不少人都有上台報告的經驗,一站上台就緊張不已、頭皮發麻、腦中一片空白嗎?
報告的開頭到底該說什麼才好呢?讓我們來看看除了跟大家尷尬地說 Hello 還有介紹你的名字外,怎麼樣開頭更有力!

Source: Overcoming Satge Fright

觀眾就定位,喧鬧聲安靜下來,時間交給講者,你講出第一句話:

“Hi, thank you for having me.  It is an honor to be here with you today.   My name is ____ _______, and I am going to be speaking to you today about_______.” 

這大概是最常見的報告開頭了,它簡短、清楚、沒什麼太大的問題,但是….同樣的它也很無趣!開頭有時決定一切,觀眾的注意力是很有限的,讓我們看看下列四個更有力也更有創意的Opening!

1. A Quote 引用別人的話

任何你想的到的主題幾乎都能找到相對應的名言佳句,確定報告主題後,可以找找那個領域的名人有沒有講過什麼有名的話,又或者,文尋名著上有沒有哪些句子也能套用到你想傳達的概念。例如,你今天想講時間管理的重要性,這個開頭就非常吸引人:

“Mark Twain once said, ‘Never put off till tomorrow what you can do the day after tomorrow.’  Well, that may be what Twain believed, but I’m here to show you how you can get the most out of today!”

Mark Twain, Steve Jobs, Mahatma Gandhi 等偉人常常是被 quote的對象,你愛的影星、歌手,甚至是你敬愛的老師,也都能幫你的報告開頭加分不少。網路上輕而易舉就能找到很多資料,像是 Brainy Quotes  連圖片都幫你做好了!

You are never too old to set another goal or to dream a new dream. - C. S. Lewis

2. A “What If” Scenario/An “Imagine” Scenario 製造情境

讓觀眾完全融入你報告的情境,是最能抓住他們注意力的方式之一,設計一個情境,讓觀眾發揮想像力並產生參與感,進而想繼續聽你的解答和後續答案,更重要的是,當你這麼做時,觀眾會在腦中構圖,圖像遠比文字更令人印象深刻。例如,你今天要講關於社會心理學的報告,你可以這樣開頭:

Imagine that you are walking on the street. Suddenly, a couple of people in front of you shout aloud and look to the sky. What will you do?

當你要和觀眾分享一段親身經歷,也可以用imagine的句型:

 Imagine a big explosion as you climb through 3,000 ft. Imagine a plane full of smoke. Imagine an engine going clack, clack, clack, clack, clack, clack, clack. It sounds scary. Well I had a unique seat that day. I was sitting in 1D. (Ric Elias: 3 things I learned while my plane crashed)

3. A Question 丟個問題

用直接的語氣丟出問題給觀眾,往往能直接讓他們開始思考。不管你是不是真的需要知道他們的答案,用問句來開啟你的報告不失為一個最簡單、有效的做法。問問題又可分為兩種:

  • Rhetorical question: “Speaking of the government, what have they ever done to help use, I mean, little people like us?” 你並不是真的預期觀眾給你答案,而是用問句吸引他們的注意力,帶到你演講的內容
  • Survey question:  “How many of you have ever considered plastic surgery? Please raise your hands.” 直接叫觀眾舉手或點頭示意,能增進你和他們之間的互動,讓報告更有趣生動

4. Declarative Statement 鄭重聲明

Sadly, in the next 18 minutes when I do our chat, four Americans that are alive will be dead from the food that they eat. 

這是名廚Jamie Oliver 在 TED 的演講 Teach Every Child About Food 的開頭,有力、嚇人的數據讓人吃驚,但也吸引人繼續聽下去。若你想講某個疾病的可怕,或許也可以這樣開頭: “In the time it takes for me to speak to you tonight, twenty men will be diagnosed with colon cancer.”  

希望大家下次用英文上台報告時,可以試試上述四種方法,讓開頭不再尷尬,成功吸引觀眾目光!
最後,讓我們看一段影片,學學做投影片時要注意的地方,不要讓powerpoint既沒有power又沒有point 吧!

Life After Death By Powerpoint

Source:

5 of the Best Speech opening lines
How To Open a Speech or Presentation
Open Your Speech with Style

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